Changing Economic Status and Life Style of Migrated Tribal Women’s (A Geographical Study of Dindori District)

Dr. Lokesh Shrivastava , Dr. Ritu Rani, Shashikant Nag.

Today throughout the world migration is contributing to economic and social development by enabling man to overcome the primary policy objective of regional science. The role played by migration in socio-economic development requires one to view it historically, since its form and role have changed somewhat over time. Madhya Pradesh has the largest population of STs of all state. Migration has long been a livelihood strategy for tribes from the southern districts. Dindori district is situated between 80035’ to 80058’ E longitude and 22017’ to 23022’ N latitude. Schedule tribe population of the Dindori district is 374,447 people and sex ratio is 1004 females on per thousand males. This research paper based on primary and secondary data, Occupation work, monthly income and monthly saving are determined by their economic status. Mostly tribal women’s occupation wage labour (65.43%) and domestic work (24.57). minimum 0.86 percent migrated women are in Govt. jobs. Maximum migrated women earned Rs. 3000-3500 per month and they saved average Rs. 1500-2000 money per month. Maximum 42.86 percent migrant family talking style has changed. 11.14 percent people’s dressing style changed.

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Knowledge and Perception of Women towards Reproductive Health Problems: a Study of Bishnupriya Manipuri women of Silchar, Cachar District in Assam.

Rajiya Shahani , Arpita Debnath .

This paper exclusively focuses on the problems of Bishnupriya Manipuri women.The present study has been undertaken in Silchar, under Cachar district of Assam from a village named Razargaon, Dudhpatil. The objective of the study is to identify the nature and types of reproductive health problems of women, to examine the socio- cultural factors influencing reproductive health and to find out the accessibility of health services for them. The study is descriptive and analytical in nature. Both primary and secondary sources of data will be collected for the purpose of the study. For data collection purposive and simple random sampling will be used. The findings show that majority of the women use cloth to soak the menstrual blood, whereas the young generation girls used sanitary napkins. It has been found that majority of them have regular periods without problems. Majority of the respondents have the awareness of contraceptives and HIV/AIDS from television. For general health problems and delivery cases they have to visit the private hospital which is far away from their village. In the study area only one Sub-Centre is available where no Doctors are there.

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The Burden of Anaemia and Role of Life Style Behaviour among Women in India

Abhijeet Anand Ahiwale, Dr. Dhananjay W. Bansod

Anaemia is one of the major health seeking behaviour in India, and it occurs manly due to iron deficiency and low level of haemoglobin. In India and other developed and developing nations this behaviour mainly affect to child, adolescent girls and pregnant women because poor nutrition states. India is one of the countries with very high prevalence of anaemia in the world. Almost 58 per cent of pregnant women in India are anaemic and it is estimated that anaemia is the underlying cause for 20–40 per cent of maternal deaths in India.

 Present study based on  NFHS- 3 (2005-06) survey, data is used to assess the levels and prevalence of anaemia among women in India, which was conducted in 2005-06 covering twenty-nine states in India, comprise near sample size (1 24 385) of India  women`s  population. It provides cross-sectional survey data on women`s haemoglobin status, body weight, diet, social and demographic determinants of India. Demographic characteristics which are based on background characteristics and the broad category of lifestyle characteristics diet, substance abuse, BMI this variable are used.

Indian women have relatively low socio-economic status in society as compared to male. Women are not only neglecting their health but also their girl child’s health and food intake.

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Impact of Flood and Bank Erosionon Agriculture: a Case Study on Sipajhar Development Block in Darrang District, Assam

Sikha Rani Nath

Sipajhar Development Block of Darrang district is very prone to flood and bank erosion because of its topographical and hydrological characteristics.This area is characterised by frequent flooding of large magnitude,high frequency and extensive devastation. The three main river passing through this region namely Nonoi, Barnadi and saktola create high magnitude flood due to its high volume of water in every year.The river Brahmaputra flowing in the southern part of the area also create flood year by year which plays significant impact upon the existing landfom and also upon the agricultural activities of the area.The impact of flood and bank erosion has increased due to a number of factors and the recurring flood losses has handicapped the economic development of this area.The people adjust themselves in different ways to cope with such burning problem. Loss of agricultural land and residential area is very hot issues which bring threat to the dwellers. Here an attempt has been made to focus the overall scenario of flood and bank erosion and its impact on agricultural sector.

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Ethno-Archaeological Study on Kumbhara Community, a Pottery Making Artisan, their Livelihood and Social Organization in the Middle Mahanadi Valley in Odisha Highland

Jagamohan Jhankar

From 19th century onward used the ethnographic method in variable archaeological literature to inquiry on primitive culture basically aid in archaeological interpretation. This type of inquiry is purposed to establish co-relation between present primitive cultures with past material remains. Recently the middle Mahanadi valley has excavated on various archaeological sites of prehistoric ceramics culture. In ethnographic survey, this region is found the habitation of ethnic ancient tribes and rich material culture. Mostly present study is examined ethnographic information of ceramic culture to archaeological point of view.  This is an attempt to study of regional ethnic culture of pottery production system attach to livelihood of Kumbhara community of middle Mahanadi valley, Odisha highland. The prehistoric ceramics has provided techno-cultural value for establishing co-relation with material culture, artisan and livelihood of the ethnic communities and their primitive traditional cultural activities

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Vikram Seth’s From Heaven Lake, Traverse through Culture

Sumitra D’Chettry

Vikram Seth’s From Heaven Lake, basically is Seth’s journey through cultural paradigms to China, Tibet, Nepal and finally to his own country India. It was a chance hitch hiking that leads him through the natural landscapes and amidst a section of Chinese people, culture which he would never have come across Nanging University. He learns about the people who live far away from the cities leading a hard life. It was mere boredom that made him take the unnatural road where he has to take the cheapest mode of transport to reach India, even bribe officials with Bollywood songs to visit a place which  otherwise was a dream for many other as China put many restrictions to foreigners visiting Tibet. Witnessing the after effects of Cultural Revolution was also an experience by itself. Gathering alround informations to the places he visits and relating them to his country was the mainstay of his journey.

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Emotional Intelligence --- in Women Characters of Nayantara Sahgal’s ‘’Rich Like us’’

Mukta Purkayastha

Emotional intelligence or else known as emotional quotient [EQ] is the capability of individuals to recognise their own and interpret other people’s emotions. It is to discriminate between different feelings, to understand and use apparently emotional information to guide one’s thinking and behaviour and also at times to manage and adjust emotions of others. The theory was first proposed by John Mayer and Peter Saloney in the year 1990. The theory states that only when the heart and brain work in unisen, real success can be achieved. Thus the four major skills of emotional intelligence of ability are to understand emotion, reasoning, examine and to generate emotion. In the fast changing world of rising problems, emotional intelligence requires different skills to decipher problems. The novel Rich Like Us by Nayantara Sahgal is found to apply this particular theory in solving various issues arising in the frame work of its story.

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Title: Living Folklore: Introduction to the Study of People and Their Traditions

Mridul Das

The book under review entitled “Living Folklore: Introduction to the study of people and their traditions” written by Martha Sims, Martine Stephens and published by Utah State University Press ( Logan, Utah), 2005 has indeed been worth reading since it encompasses a widely comprehensive and straightforward introduction to the multifaceted aspects and traits of  folklore as it is sustained, shared, observed, narrated and performed in the settings and environment suitable to the contextual and contemporary situation. The text of the book in question gives the reader a very well-built scholarly foundation of resourceful information regarding folklore, folk society and folk life with appropriate illustrations.

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Microfinance Penetration in India: a State Wise Analysis

Parijat Dhar

Microfinance is an important institution and mechanism of credit delivery, particularly for the poor and deprived. A number of studies have been taken up in India and other developing countries which highlight the success of various microfinance programmes to alleviate poverty in rural areas, promoting holistic development of individuals, communities and developing small enterprises to promote entrepreneurship development particularly for the womenfolk. The importance of the microfinance programmes and the success of the institutions offering microfinance services in various developing countries come to the fore due to the persistent failure and non-responsiveness of the formal financial institutions in the sphere of rural development in general and rural credit in particular. In India there are two different models adopted for the delivery of microfinance services to the poor- Self Help Groups (SHGs) and Microfinance Institutions (MFIs). ....

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Optical Properties of CdTe Quantum Dots Synthesized at Different pH

Dilip Saikia

In this piece of work a simple aqueous method is employed to synthesis CdTe quantum dots (QD). Cadmium chloride and Sodium Telluride are used as the source of cadmium and tellurium, further Mercaptosuccinic acid is used as a capping agent in the synthesis process. UV-vis absorption and photoluminescence (PL) spectra of the CdTe QD samples synthesized at different pH ranging from 4 to 11 are recorded. Effect of the pH on growth of QDs are studied and mentioned in this paper. Band gap of the samples are calculated and graph of bandgap vs refluxing time is plotted, Bandgap vs refluxing time curve clearly shows the size quantization effect. 

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Tradition of Brass-metal Working : A Study Among the Morias of Muslimpatty Village in Hajo , Kamrup District, Assam.

Ayesha Hassan Roushan

Brass-metal industry is an important craft of Assam from the social and  economic point of view. In case of marriage, birth and other religious purpose this is plays an important role. In Assam this is an important field of study . Within this study, the information like the present status and the past status of brass -metal industry in Assam, How people are related with this working and affect their social and economic condition. And the most important part in this study is to know how this traditional industry is survived in present market environment. Hajo is one of the famous places of pilgrimage in India .Hajo is popularly known as panchatirtha (five shrines) for the Hindus. In this paper also studied about the people of Morias who were traditionally related with this working in Hajo .The concerned data were collected through empirical field work by applying appropriate anthropological research methods.

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Rural Tourism: a Sustainable Tool for Rural Development

Dr.Devajit Boruah

Tourism has been an important human activity since time immemorial. The tourism as a source of economy has gradually been gaining prominence worldwide and now is one of the world’s most rapidly growing industries.Rural tourism is that kind of tourism which takes place in the countryside. Lane (1994)[1] attempts to clarify the concept and says that rural tourism is a tourism located in the rural areas i.e., the areas which are rural in scale, character and function reflecting the unique patterns of the rural environment, economy, history and location. In that sense, rural tourism is a tool which can increase the capacity of rural communities to control their rural milieu in a more gainful way.

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Punitive System in the State of Jammu and Kashmir with main focus on the Jail Reforms

Dr. Neha Vij

The present paper aims at understanding the punitive system in the state of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) with a main focus on organization and structure of Prison System in J&K. It brings out the rehabilitative techniques used by the prison authorities for the reformation and rehabilitation of inmates based on the Jail Manual(2000) of J&K.

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Culture and Sub-Culture of Youth in Nagaon District of Assam and its Impact on the Contemporary Society: a Sociological Overview

Mon Mayur Bora

Youth is not just a biological category; it’s also a societal invention. This may sound like socio-babble but as we have changed from an agricultural to post-industrial society our definition of youth has evolved. Young people used to be parental property; nurtured by domestic folk practices then forced into work and afforded no legal rights. Youth today is a public institution; objectified by the state, preserved in law by business and studied and monitored by rational, scientific expertise. Two trends emerged during this time; the sentiment of childhood and the construction of a new category to describe the transition from childhood to adulthood: youth.

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