Refractive index and density have been measured at (293,298,303) K for binary mixtures of Cyclohexylmethane + 1, 2-Dimethylbenzene,+ 1, 3- Dimethylbenzene, + 1, 4-Dimethylbenzene over the whole mole fraction range. From these data the excess molar volume, excess molar refraction and excess refractive index were calculated. These quantities are discussed in terms of intermolecular interactions.
Title of the study is “effect of continuous and comprehensive evaluation on the academic performance of the students in the primary schools”. Main objective of the study is to find out the effect of CCE on the academic performance of primary school students in subject of Mathematics and to compare the performance of control group and experimental group at time of pretest and posttest in subject of Mathematics. Other objective is to compare the performance of control group and experimental group at the time of pre-test and post test in the subject of Mathematics. Study is experimental in nature. Experimental method was adopted to test the effectiveness of CCE pattern on the academic performance of students by comparing this with traditional method of teaching and learning of mathematics in government schools. Randomized group pretest post test design is used in this study. Sample of 200 students is taken for this study. Any study requires reliable and valid tools to measure the variable under study. Usually standardized tools are used in the study. Researcher could not find any appropriate standardized tool for the present study thus in absence of the standardized tool self made questionnaire is used by the researcher for the collection of the data. Reliability and validity is determined by the researcher. This paper includes detail of the process which is used by the researcher for reliability and validity of the questionnaire.
Groundwater is one of earth’s most vital renewable and widely distributed resources as well as an important source of water supply throughout the world. The quality of water is a vital concern for human being since it is directly linked with welfare. Groundwater vulnerability assessment is very essential to identify regions where groundwater is suitable for various uses. A study of the vulnerability of groundwater for pollution in a region is required as it will provide information for taking precautionary measures. Groundwater quality in Guwahati city is studied with reference to the environmentally significant trace elements. The present study has been carried out with the objectives that to find out the ground water potential zone and find out the vulnerable area in the Guwahati city. The paper is also studied the impact of ground water to the human health. The study has carried out through field surveys and laboratory tests on samples taken from 32 points in the city. The ground water quality information maps of the entire study area have been prepared using Geographical Information System techniques for all the above parameters. From the findings some area in the city is identified as water contaminated area. The people in that area feel that the water they use is sometimes unsafe, and spread many water borne diseases. The results obtained in this study and the spatial database established in GIS will be helpful for monitoring and managing ground water pollution in the study area.
Being a fast growing industry and inexhaustible industry potentials, it has several positive sides like income generation, foreign exchange, employment opportunity. Among the different facets of tourism, spiritual tourism is one of the chief modes for attracting a large numbers of tourists. The state of Assam has numerous temples and other religious institutions. The capital city of Guwahati itself is a hub of many temples. Though it seems like religious yet it has different social positive effects in the form of spiritual tourism. Here an attempt has been made in this paper to bring into light the potentiality of spiritual tourism in near future and the other associated benefits that the locale can get out of it. Attempt has also been made to trace out the drawbacks of the temples and to overcome those.
Quality of Work Life (QWL) has become a buzzword among the intellectual section of the Society in India. QWL is one of the important elements in any organization. Higher QWL reflects better as well as sustainable working environment. The holistic concept of QWL encompasses all the elements of work and employees’ life. The concept becomes more important in the organization like colleges and other educational institutions. Better the QWL of educational institution, better are the positions of teachers to deliver best to the students and the society. The Guwahati city of Assam is one of the major hubs for education in whole North-east India. Guwahati city is the home of many popular colleges of the region. Along with government and provincialized colleges, Guwahati also have many number of private degree colleges providing education to huge number of students. Through the present study, researchers have made an attempt to focus lights on the QWL in the private degree colleges from the perspectives of teaching community.
Ethnic issues and question of ethnicity is a nineteenth century phenomenon. The growth of ethnic consciousness led to self-determination directed by various factors in different parts of the world according to their own historical background. In contemporary Assam,ethnic issues or complexity of ethnic political assertion has been an overwhelming issue in politics. To understand that complexity with its historical dimension, it is necessary to analyses the role of the government in tackling that issue within the ruling procedure of the country.
Ethnic issue is a living issue in Assam politics since the colonial rule passing through a historical dimension. This is an attempt to study the different dimensions of ethnic question of Assam with its basic causes and measuring the performances of the Congress Party as a ruling party of Assam with the analyses of some performances indicators.
The North East part of India possesses a distinctive geo-political character mainly due to distinctive location from the main land, diverse geographical framework, ethnic diversities, economic backwardness and uneven level of development. North –East India has been a homeland of various religious, ethnic, linguistic and cultural groups. In this circumstances, various ethnic, linguistic and religious groups demand their separate identity and indulged in identity movement, autonomy movements, secessionist movement etc. In this paper, an attempt has been made to evaluate the various factors responsible for the politics of identity movement in North East India especially the state of Assam..
In every society women constitute almost half of its population. Women are and have been central, not marginal, to the making of society and to the building of civilization. Despite their indispensable contribution they were marginalized and dominated throughout the ages by the men in the patriarchal societies. In the same way, the contribution of the Assamese women to the formation of its society was not less significant than the women of other societies. Their contribution to the history making process is also important since immemorial past. In spite of their vital contribution, the women in the Assamese Hindu families in the 19th century Assam were marginalized in the society which came under the patriarchal control long before that period. The 19th century was also the transitional period as consequence of the introduction of the British colonial rule and various social reform movements, which touched the women affairs too. In this context, an attempt is made in this paper to study about the position occupied by the Assamese women in the society in the 19th century Assam and also about their changing status as result of this social transition.
Indian painting art has a long tradition which is evolved from the time of stone age, when the human being had dwelling in rock shelter, they had practiced the painting work on the wall of rock shelter by the using of locally available colorants raw materials. The evidences of Indian prehistoric rock art painting has found in Bhimvetka, Azamgarh, Pratapgarh, Mirzapur and Vikramkhol, rock shelter sites. Later on cultural tradition of painting flowed down with Vedic, Buddhist, and Hindu period in ancient time. In this phase mural painting are found in Ajanta and Ellora and miniature painting are found in various manuscripts for illustration. The painting tradition has grown as usual professional caste based system that occupationally specialized art production. This painting art creativity attached socio-economic cultural behavior of certain primitive community. In this paper I attempt to study such traditional painting art producer community is Maharana community in a rural base Subarnapur region in middle Mahanadi valley, an ethnoarchaeological perspective. This community has not only expertise in drawing and painting but also other art objects production including, curving, engraving, sculpturing, and erecting of temple is an occupational and artisanal tradition.
The ecological condition of today is so critical that if not checked in due time it will be out of control. The different human practices like agriculture, industrial activities have emerged as a prime factor for the destruction of nature and ultimately there lies a situation of ecological imbalances. People inhabiting near the wildlife sanctuary usually have an emotional association with the nature setting. Therefore conservation of natural resources and preservation of cultural and heritage resources are of global concern at present. Tourism practices can be of handy enough in this regard with proper management strategies. The Assam’s Pabitora wildlife sanctuary is located in a strategic location surrounded by human habitated from all sides. Therefore a bottom up strategy is the need of the hour for the protection of the flora and fauna of the sanctuary in particular and the ecological balance of the sanctuary in general. In the present study an attempt has been made to understand the people sanctuary relationship and the role of tourism in making the livelihood of the nearby people with a sustainable way.
Every ethnic group of Assam have some individual cultural characteristics. But in the age of globalisation it is impossible to remain within the boundary of own culture. On the other hand the greater Assamese culture is formed by the contributions of all the ethnic communities. Various socio- cultural processes like acculturation, assimilation, progressive absorption, fusion, aryanisation, sanskritisation etc. has influenced upon almost all ethnic communities.
Religion is one of the important organs of society. It brings new elements to society and culture and a society is depended in large scale on religion in the maintaining of social norms and value. In the present scenario, religion and social change has become a common feature of every society. This is seen in the societies of the ethnic communities of Assam also.
Buddhism is one of the world’s religions accepting in the universe today. It is founded by Gotama Buddha over 2,500 years ago. Buddhism spread out of India after the 3rd century B.C with the help of Emperor Asoka and Ven.Sona and Uttara led the mission to Thaton (then called Suvanna bhumi) in lower Myanmar (then known as Burma) and introduced Buddhism so Buddhism has been flourishing in Myanmar since the time of Emperor Asoka. The historical background how Theravada type of Buddhism spread from its inception up to early Kongaung dynasty was traced.
Assam came under the British colonial rule in 1826 with the signing of Treaty of Yandaboo between the British and Yandaboo. The political development of 1826 brought many economic changes which ultimately led to many social changes among the different caste of the society of Assam. The Kaibartas is a fishing community in Assam also went through various socio-economic and political changes during the Colonial period. The objective of the present study is to analyse the changes among the Kaibartas from 1901 to 1947. The year 1901 has a significant in the changing scenario in social position of the fishing communities as the Kaibarta community began to analyse themselves and the Nadiyals and Doms (another fishing communities in assam) began to introduced themselves as Kaibartas in the Census report.
Hindu Marriage Act of 1955 and later amendments consider to ‘monogamy’ as only acceptable form of marriage. Nevertheless in some parts of our country like Himachal, Uttarakhand, Trivankore, Nilgiri, Haryana, Rajasthan, there polyandry marriage system is still being practiced as form of conventional process or due to shortage of brides in marriage markets. While I consider to the parallel films as prism of social reality, because none mainstream cinema and sociology are interrelated with each other and sometimes sociologists use films as prism of society to depict the social realism, so in context of post nineties none mainstream films I want to depict how does polyandry system violates the sexual rights of women..
Handicrafts sector can play a major role in the development of the economy of both developed and the developing countries. It provides employment to a vast segment of craftsperson in rural and semi-urban areas and generates substantial foreign exchange for the country while preserving its cultural heritage. But handicrafts have not received as much attention as they deserve. The performance of the existing institutional infrastructure both for financing and marketing of handicrafts is far from satisfaction. Artisans are depending on the middlemen for raw materials, finance and market for the finished products because of their illiteracy, ignorance and poverty. The success of handicrafts depends on how well the artisans can produce the articles in keeping with the tastes and preferences of consumers.
Like other parts in India, Assam is also known as the land of colourful handicraft products. Handicrafts have been playing a vital role in the cultural, social and economic development of Assam. But there are lack of proper marketing facilities which stands as bottlenecks in expansion and modernization of handicrafts products of Assam. In this paper, an attempt has been made to find out the marketing mix strategies of Assam Handicrafts based on four P’s i.e. Product, Price, Place and Promotion. The paper also enumerated the various problems being faced by the artisans while marketing their products along with some suggestive measures.
The unification of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) with tourism have reshaped the entire industry and brought about paradigm changes in terms of its structure and functions. ICT has benefitted both service providers and customers on a common platform. It has improved online presence of destinations through better visibility, accessibility, connectivity and infrastructure. The internet has opened up new vistas for the customer enabling them to search travel information, book tickets, make reservations, rate quality of service in hotels and restaurants etc.
Despite of having tremendous natural diasporas, North-East India has not got the prominent position that it deserves. In this context, ICT can provide significant opportunities for growth and development of local tourism industry in terms of reducing cost, time and enhancing capabilities. The subject of this research is to identify the gaps in the usage of ICT in NER’s tourism industry and further explores areas where ICT can be implemented.
The word ‘Brand’, believed to be derived from Old Norse word ‘Brandr, denotes several aspects of a product or a company. David Ogilvy, in his book Ogilvy on Advertising, defined brand as tangible sum of product’s attributes such as name, packaging, price, history, reputation and the way it’s advertised.
Post 1990s, as an effect of globalization of Indian economy, the standard of living of the people of the country changed remarkably. The rise in growth of income, availability of quality products at competitive price, widespread growth of media, changing perception of the citizens, rise in the level of education and sources of information among other factors brought some sea changes in lifestyle of the people of the country. Although, the changes were observed mainly in metros and cities, but the effect of changing marketing and social scenario swept across the country.
Media, after the invasion of satellite TV, private participation of FM radio, introduction Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), multidimensional growth of web, easy and affordability media of technology, etc. made epoch-making changes across all sections of the society.
Looking at the growth of media, it became necessary for the Indian and multinational companies to tie up with different vehicles of media to develop brand image, brand value and brand equity with customers. The tie-up of brands with media made a lot of changes in the brand consciousness among the existing and potential customers. This paper attempts to study the role of media in developing brand consciousness among the young college going students of Delhi and National Capital region.
The GST (GOODS AND SERVICES TAX) is defined as the vast indirect tax structure which is a game changer of the Indian economy. GST is a tax on goods and services with value addition at each stage having comprehensive and continuous chain of set of benefits from the producers/service producers point up to the retailer’s level where only the final consumer would bear the tax. It is really a big relief for business, as even today, because of layers of taxes and exemptions, the cost of tax compliance in India is too high. In sum, it is a much needed landmark reform. It will be interesting to see how this proposed GST will impact on the growth and development of the country.
Jyotiprasad Agarwala, a truly multifaceted genius has been considered to be an indispensable source of inspiration and incessant glory in the socio-cultural milieu of Greater Assam. His versatile and voluminous contribution towards the formulation and growth of a new horizon in the modern socio-cultural setting of Assam can never-ever be denied. Similarly his resourceful gifts and endowments towards the literary domain of Assam are also highly laudable. Further, his sincere devotion to the mother land Assam, and also to the entire nation—India-- has really been astounding. Most of his creative works prove this fact without any doubt. Inspired by true patriotic zeal, Agarwala could appropriately be considered as one of the worthy sons of Assam and India. The present paper through descriptive methodology attempts to analyze Agarwala’s responses as reflected in his creative writings towards the national movement of India for freedom.
In 1500 century, the sacred religious stream of Vaishnavite movement flowed all over India and in Assam Sankardev was pioneer. Sankardev has genius personality in various fields like Literature, Music, Art, Drama, Dance, Social reformation etc, but he got many obstacles to convey his spiritual ideology and perception to the common people’s heart and mind. Contemporary social rites and rituals, some influential person’s illegal interference, the tyranny of King and his officers created intense obstacles to propagate Vaishnavite ideology. But at last he reached great success of propagation, overcoming all prohibitions. The Bargeet (The Sacred Song) took a major part to convey his ideology to the common people therefore Dr. Banikanta Kakati (great Assamese scholar) mentioned Bargeets as “Holly Song”.
Composed by great Guru Sankardev and Madhabdev, high ethical and spiritually enriched these songs are called as “Bargeet”. (Bar means great, Geet means--Song) In Indian as well as in Assamese society and culture, it is emphasized on four folds of our life skill, like “Dharma, (Humanity) Artha (Money) Kama (Worldly desire) and Mokhya (Salvation). Without spiritual knowledge, person cannot attain at Mokhya-----it means ultimate freedom from ignorance of worldly life. The Bargeet can enlighten our life with great spiritual knowledge.
Allahabad is developed in different pockets some of its areas are extremely posh while others are having mixed land use pattern and life style so different areas are facing different type of health issue due to water pollution and environmental degradation. The underdeveloped area is facing the lack of safe drinking water supply. Many health problems and diseases in villages are due to use of polluted water. Improper disposal or lack of disposal of excreta adds to the sanitation problems. This area lacked proper drainage systems which lead to contamination of groundwater and other source of drinking water. These areas covered by economically poor people due to haphazard housing systems, lack fresh air, many rural households are single room units which get filled with smoke from burning of firewood and biomass and do not get adequate sun light. Allahabad is, in his transition period of development so except the core area of the city the other area also facing problem due to lack of urban and rural planning, lack of proper drainage and sanitation system which led to increase the pollution in the city. Rapid growth of urbanization has adversely stressed the environment. Allahabad City have unplanned and haphazard area with inadequate infrastructure. Industries are established without environmental assessment. Inadequate planning in the city led to chaos and environmental degradation which hamper the health well being issues.
Corporation is an integral part of the society. Its development and prosperity depends on the various stakeholders of the society. The failure or success is totally depends on the society. These corporate houses receive all the required inputs from the society. Their products or services are too consumed by the society. This creates an ample scope for the corporate houses to think and act for the betterment and sustenance of the society and its stakeholders. These Responsibility of Corporate houses can be termed as “Corporate Social Responsibility”.
CSR in India has been continuously influenced by the different national and international level guidelines and notification issued by different authorities time to time. However, the guidelines issued were voluntary in nature. It was not compulsion for corporate house to practice CSR. So, whatever they were practicing, were voluntary act of the corporate houses. However, the Companies Act, 2013 has brought a drastic change in the CSR practices in India. The provision of the said Act made CSR activities compulsory for the certain categories of companies in India. Through the present study researchers have drawn a comparison of CSR practices of select corporate public sector commercial banks and private sector commercial banks.
Man is a gregarious animal and so the life of an individual is inconceivable apart from a society. The primary aim of human existence according to Mahatma Gandhi is self-realization, and a society to Gandhi should be such as to promote the qualities of human personality to realize its final goal. The present Indian social setup is closely related with the past traditions and movements in the society. The advent of Gandhi on the social science marks a turning point to the history of social development. The varnasrama system of ancient India, according to Gandhi, tried to maintain the relation between the individual and the society in an ideal way. He tried to initiate important social reforms which have changed the very face if Indian society.
The Tai Ahom people are one of the important ethnic tribe of Assam as well as North -East India. They have been living mostly in the upper Assam district viz. Dibrugarh, Lakhimpur, Tinsukia, Jorhat, Golaghat, Dhemaji and also lives in Lohit district of Arunachal Pradesh. But their habitats scatter in these parts except a few numbers of villages where they largely inhabited e.g. Patchaku, Parijat, Bakata, Nemuguri, Mahmara etc. At present the Tai Ahom peoples were suffering from multiple problems and their socio economic condition is determines. Therefore, it is most important to study the present socio economic characteristics of the Tai Ahom people living in the Assam. The study is based on primary data which have been reflected the socio economic characteristic of Tai Ahom people.